Sanford Son Ita

Sanford and Son Stagione 1 streaming gratis ITA, vedere, guardare online, il miglior sito dove vedere Serie Tv e Film in streaming sempre aggiornati! Description First Season - Episodi 1, 2 e 3 Dual Audio Italiano - Inglese. TorrentSeeker is a powerful torrent search combining results from dozens of torrent sites. Search torrents on popular sites like the Pirate Bay, RARBG, 1337x, YTS, EZTV, Kickass Torrents and unblocked torrent proxy sites. What is special about our torrent search engine? We frequently update our torrent site index with the most popular torrent.

(Redirected from Gutbucket)
A small washtub bass being played

Sanford Son Aunt Esther Gorilla Cookies

The washtub bass, or gutbucket, is a stringed instrument used in American folk music that uses a metal washtub as a resonator. Although it is possible for a washtub bass to have four or more strings and tuning pegs, traditional washtub basses have a single string whose pitch is adjusted by pushing or pulling on a staff or stick to change the tension.

The washtub bass was used in jug bands that were popular in some African American communities in the early 1900s. In the 1950s, Britishskiffle bands used a variant called a tea chest bass, and during the 1960s, US folk musicians used the washtub bass in jug band-influenced music.

Variations on the basic design are found around the world, particularly in the choice of resonator. As a result, there are many different names for the instrument including the 'gas-tank bass', 'barrel bass', 'box bass' (Trinidad), 'bush bass' (Australia), 'babatoni' (South Africa), 'tanbou marengwen' (Haiti) 'tingotalango' (Cuba), 'tulòn' (Italy), 'laundrophone' and others.

The hallmarks of the traditional design are simplicity, very low cost and do it yourself construction, leading to its historical association with lower economic classes. These factors also make it quite common for modern-day builders to promote modifications to the basic design, such as adding a finger board, pedal, electronic pickup, drumhead, or making the staff immovable.


Electric 'inbindi' bass which is amplified by a public address system

Ethnomusicologists trace the origins of the instrument to the 'ground bow' or 'ground harp' – a version that uses a piece of bark or an animal skin stretched over a pit as a resonator. The ang-bindi made by the Baka people of the Congo is but one example of this instrument found among tribal societies in Africa and Southeast Asia, and it lends its name to the generic term inbindi for all related instruments. Evolution of design, including the use of more portable resonators, has led to many variations, such as the dan bau (Vietnam) and gopichand (India), and more recently, the 'electric one-string', which amplifies the sound using a pickup.

The washtub bass is sometimes used in a jug band, often accompanied by a washboard as a percussion instrument. Jug bands, first known as 'spasm bands', were popular especially among African-Americans around 1900 in New Orleans and reached a height of popularity between 1925 and 1935 in Memphis and Louisville.

At about the same time, European-Americans of Appalachia were using the instrument in 'old-timey' folk music. A musical style known as 'gut-bucket blues' came out of the jug band scene, and was cited by Sam Phillips of Sun Records as the type of music he was seeking when he first recorded Elvis Presley.

According to Willie 'The Lion' Smith's autobiography, the term 'gutbucket' comes from 'Negro families' who all owned their own pail, or bucket, and would get it filled with the makings for chitterlings. The term 'gutbucket' came from playing a lowdown style of music.[1]

In English skiffle bands, Australian and New Zealandbush bands and South Africankwela bands, the same sort of bass has a tea chest as a resonator. The Quarrymen, John Lennon and Paul McCartney's band before the Beatles, featured a tea-chest bass, as did many young bands around 1956.


A folk music revival in the U.S. in the early 1960s re-ignited interest in the washtub bass and jug band music. Bands included Mother McCree's Uptown Jug Champions, which later became The Grateful Dead, and the Jim Kweskin Jug Band, which featured Fritz Richmond on bass.

Tea chest bass[edit]

Tea chest bass

A tea chest bass is a variation of the washtub bass that uses a tea chest as the resonator for an upright stringed bass. The instrument is made from a pole, traditionally a broomstick, placed into or alongside the chest. One or more strings are stretched along the pole and plucked.

In Europe, particularly Britain and Germany, the instrument is associated with skiffle bands. In Australia it was traditionally used to provide deep sounds for 'bush bands', though most such groups today use electric bass or double bass. It was commonly called a 'bush bass'.

Other variations[edit]

Gum Tree Bush band has a tea chest player.

Other variations on the basic design are found around the world, particularly in the choice of resonator, for example:

  • 'gas-tank bass'
  • 'barrel bass'
  • 'box bass' (Trinidad)
  • 'bush bass' (Australia)
  • 'babatoni' (South Africa)
  • 'dumdum' (Zimbabwe)
  • 'dan bau' (Vietnam)
  • 'sanduku' (Zanzibar)
  • 'tanbou marengwen, in English, mosquito drum' (Haiti)
  • 'tingotalango' (Cuba)
  • 'tulòn' (Italy)

Notable players[edit]

Don Bexley and Redd Foxx in episode of Sanford and Son.
  • Will Shade vocalist and multi-instrumentalist member of the Memphis Jug Band who recorded from the 1920s until his death in 1966.
  • Kansas Joe McCoy, washtub bass player and multi-instrumentalist, recorded with Arthur Crudup in 1941.
  • Fritz Richmond (1939–2005)[2] has performed on numerous recordings from America and Japan. One of his washtub basses is in the collection of the Smithsonian Institution.
  • Donald Kachamba and Moya Aliya, one-string box players with the influential Malawi group Kachamba Brothers Band. Can be heard on 'Donald Kachamba's Kwela Band',[3] and 'Malawi / Concert Kwela'.[4]
  • Brian Ritchie, of the band The Violent Femmes, plays a 'tubless electric washtub bass'.[5]
  • Les Claypool, of Primus, often plays a variation called a whamola.
  • Bill Smith, Len Garry,[6]Ivan Vaughan,[7] and Nigel Walley, tea-chest bass players of The Quarrymen.
  • John Sanford, a.k.a. Redd Foxx, got his start in show business as washtub bass player for the 'Bon Bons'.[8] In the Sanford and Son episode 'Sanford and Gong' aired December 17, 1976, Sanford and Don 'Bubba' Bexley audition for The Gong Show with Bubba on washtub bass.
  • Bob Weir and Mike Garbett played washtub bass on the eponymous album Mother McCree's Uptown Jug Champions - a forerunner band to the Grateful Dead.
  • Stu Cook, the bassist of Creedence Clearwater Revival, played washtub bass on the track 'Poorboy Shuffle' from the album Willy and the Poor Boys.[9] He faked playing the instrument to a recording of 'Down on the Corner' on the ABC-TV variety show Music Scene, December 1, 1969.[10]
  • Lionel Kilberg (1930–2008), promoter and player of the 'Brownie Bass' with 'The Shanty Boys' during the folk music revival of the 1950s and 1960s in New York, and producer/lyricist/player of the 1973 album We Walked by the Water[11] featuring Kate Wolf.
  • That 1 Guy plays a variation of the washtub bass called the 'Magic Pipe' and a few other self-built instruments.


  1. ^Smith, Willie the Lion (1964). Music on My Mind: The Memoirs of an American Pianist, Foreword by Duke Ellington. New York City: Doubleday & Company Inc. p. 11.
  2. ^'Fritz Richmond, 66, a Master of the Jug and Washtub Bass, Is Dead', AP/New York Times, November 24, 2005
  3. ^No label, recorded live in Austria at Jazz-Pub Wiesen and at Montage-Recording, August 1978
  4. ^Le Chant Du Monde – LDX 274 972, France, 1994
  5. ^Bass Player Magazine, May 2006
  6. ^'Before they were Beatles, they were Quarrymen', Gillian G. Gaar, Goldmine Magazine, November 28, 2012
  7. ^'Lonnie Donegan and the Birth of British Rock and Roll', Patrick Humphries, Biteback Publishing, 2012
  8. ^Byarlay, Ryan (10 May 2009). 'Redd Foxx (1922-1991)'. Retrieved 4 September 2020.
  9. ^Ed Ward. '40th anniversary re-issue liner notes. Willy and the Poor Boys'(PDF). Archived from the original(PDF) on 2012-03-14. Retrieved 4 September 2020.
  10. ^'Neil Diamond, Mama Cass Elliot, Creedence Clearwater Revival, Sergio Mendes & Brasil '66, Smokey Robinson & The Miracles'. 1 December 1969. Retrieved 4 September 2020.
  11. ^Shoostryng Records, re-issued 1995 by Gadfly Records as Breezes

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Washtub basses.
Retrieved from ''

Like father, like son: The Academy Award winner, 46, and his son, 5, both rode the surf on body boards during the summer weekday excursion The Dark Knight star shares Joseph as well as 15-year-old daughter Emmeline with stunt performer Sibi Blažić, 50. The pair have been married since the year 2000. Bale, who won an Oscar for Best Supporting Actor for his work in David O. Russell's 2010 film The Fighter, is prepping for a role in a new film from that director. Lovely family: The Dark Knight star shares Joseph as well as 15-year-old daughter Emmeline with stunt performer Sibi Blažić; seen here in 2018 That movie, to costar Margot Robbie and Michael B. Jordan, is yet to be titled, and the plot has been kept under wraps. Christian is also poised to join the Marvel Cinematic Universe in Thor: Love And Thunder, the fourth movie in the Thor saga. He is rumored to be portraying the villain in the upcoming installment, pitted against Natalie Portman's iteration of the Norse god-inspired superhero.

Rail chiefs call for rises in road tax and aviation fuel levy to slash carbon emissions Daily Mail Online

Jennifer said: 'When I saw Laura for the first time as an adult I was nervous, excited, scared and overjoyed all at the same time. I have always loved her and I always will. ' Laura was called Danielle Wilson when she was born in Blackburn in 1987 and was taken into care when she was just a four-month-old baby. Her 18-year-old mother, Jenifer Wilson, was in an abusive relationship which led social services to put Danielle, and her older sister Emma, into care. Aged two, Danielle was adopted by Christine and Ian Pankhurst and her name was change to Laura Pankhurst - later Dean when she got married. Laura was told she was adopted at four years old just before she started school, but didn't know any details about why until she was 13. Her adopted mother Christine wanted to wait until she was 18, but Laura figured out for herself after searching the house for her adoption papers. At 16, she started looking for her biological family after discovering the names of her biological parents while going through old files.

Not only does dancing provide health benefits, but moving your body is also proven to be an good way to reduce stress, lower the risk of depression and boost your mood - which is great if you've been feeling restless in lockdown. Designed for all ages and abilities, FitSteps on Demand has over 150 video tutorials so you can learn moves, skills and full routines in a range of popular styles, such as the paso doble, foxtrot, and jive. EXCLUSIVE READER OFFER MailOnline readers can receive 50 per cent off an annual or monthly rolling subscription by using the the code demand50. Monthly subscription £4. 99 ( RRP £9. 98) Annual subscription £49. 95 (RRP £99. 90) Enter the promotional code at checkout to redeem. The first 14 days are free, and if you wish to cancel within your trial you can do so by logging into your account at any time. You can also enjoy toning and cool down videos, that encourage you to stretch and strengthen every part of your body. It's like having your own personal trainer right in your living room - minus the hefty price tag.

If you want to give it a twirl and make the most of your extra time at home, you can get FitSteps on Demand for £9. 98 per month for unlimited access or save with an annual subscription for £99. 90. MailOnline readers will receive 50 per cent off with the code demand50. Simply enter the promotional code at checkout to redeem. The first 14 days of the subscription are free, and if you wish to cancel within your trial you can do so by logging into your account at any time. MailOnline may earn commission on sales from the links on this page.

Too often Black women who die from police violence are forgotten. This campaign and t-shirt was created by Phenomenal in partnership with the Breonna Taylor Foundation, to which all profits will be donated. ' A rose: Ruby Rose showed off her buzzed haircut and the tee NBA action: NBA player Javale McGee was the only star to not share the lengthy caption included in other posts as he donned the tee in the NBA bubble in Florida King and Queen: Regina King showed off the front and back artwork of the tee in her post The shirts were made by Phenomenal in partnership with the Breonna Taylor Foundation where profits are being donated. Only officer Hankison was fired after Taylor's death. The officers entered Taylor's apartment under a 'no-knock' warrant, that has since been banned through a local ordinance named after Taylor. Officer Jaynes sought the controversial warrant, and was put on leave. Along with an investigation by the Kentucky Attorney General Daniel Cameron, the FBI is also investigating for civil rights violations and are examining evidence.

  1. Watch sanford and son free online
  2. 2012 full movie in hindi free download
  3. Watch sanford and son online, free full episodes
  4. Selling Sunset's Maya Vander claims the show wouldn't be interesting without Christine Daily Mail Online
  5. Dance classes online FitSteps on Demand MailOnline reader discount Daily Mail Online
  6. Iceland issues salmonella warning to customers and orders recall of chicken products Daily Mail Online
  7. La vida secreta de tus mascotas 2 gratis 1
  8. Cornetti Alla Crema Lino Banfi 1981 Film Completo ITA
  9. Empire season 6 episode 5 streaming
  10. Three steps above heaven full movie arabic subtitles
  11. Borderlands 3 ‘Guide to the Borderlands’ Trailer

Huck, meanwhile, opted for a double denim look as he paired a light-wash shirt with black trousers for their outing. Casual chic: Charli looked relaxed as she teamed a yellow-and-blue plaid shirt with a grey striped jumper for the occasion Charli recently revealed she and boyfriend Huck were about to break up because they barely saw each other before the global pandemic. The couple have dated since 2014, but have been friends with one another since 2012. The singer said she and her beau's decision to live together during quarantine helped to save their relationship, and made her realise she can 'trust [Huck] with [her] life. ' Candid: Charli recently revealed she and boyfriend Huck were about to break up because they barely saw each other before the global pandemic Speaking to Zane Lowe on Apple Music, she explained: 'You know, we were, I'm not going to say like at the end of the road, but close to it. 'We were living on separate sides of the country even though we were physically far apart, we were emotionally quite distant as well.

Sanford And Son Last Episode

Under proposals drawn up by the Rail Delivery Group (RDG) industry body, fuel duty would be increased for the first time in a decade and taxes added to the purchase of jet fuel – leading to higher air fares for holidaymakers. But motoring groups and airline bosses reacted with fury last night, pointing out that British motorists and air passengers are among the most taxed in the world. The AA said drivers are already fleeced on fuel duty, road tax and resident parking permits while being 'hunted at every turn for parking, bus lane and other fines'. Under proposals drawn up by the Rail Delivery Group (RDG) industry body, fuel duty would be increased for the first time in a decade and taxes added to the purchase of jet fuel And the Airlines UK trade body warned higher fares would penalise isolated communities which rely on regional airports because of poor rail links. They urged train companies to instead focus on ending rip-off rail fares. The average cost of a rail season ticket passed £3, 000 for the first time last year and analysis has shown that travelling by train can be up to 13 times more expensive than driving.